|6 Places In Fatehpur Sikri A Must Watch|
Fatehpur Sikri which is best known for its architecture, is situated in the district of Agra within the states of UP, India. The Great Mughal Emperor Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar discovered this city in the year of 1569.
In order to honour Sufi Saint Salim Chishti, the capital of Mughal Akbar was decided to move from Agra to a new place after winning the battle over Chittor and Ranthambore. Fifteen years of planning and construction gave rise to a new city called Fatehabad which was later known as Fatehpur Sikri. The Persian originated Arabic word "Fateh" means "victory". Fatehpur Sikri remained to be capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585.
If anyone wished to explore this Mughal architectural Fatehpur Sikri city, then can take flight to the nearest Agra airport which is 40 km away or can option for Fatehpur Sikri Railway Station which is 1km from city centre. Tourist, UPSRTC buses and taxies are also available which will take you to Fatehpur Sikri. After landing in following are the six places you will find best to visit and explore.
Buland Darwaza was built by the great Akbar in 1602 AD to salute his victory of Gujarat. It is also known as the “Gate of Magnificence” which is the main entrance to the Fatehpur Sikri. It is 53.63m high and 35 meters wide. This gateway is considered to be the highest gateway in the world. It is constructed with red and buff sandstone and decorated with black and white marble. This Gateway is craved with beautiful calligraphy which describes Akbar’s religious broad mindedness.
Jodha Bai Palace (Mariam-uz-Zamani Palace)
Jodha Bai Palace also known to be Mariam-uz-Zamani Palace was dedicated to Jodha Bai aka Mariam-uz-Zamani Begum, also known as Heer Kunwari who was the first and chief Rajput wife of emperor Akbar It is the largest palace. It is considered to be the most important part of the royal harem. It showcases various styles of Hindu architecture which suggest that the Palace has been occupied by a Hindu lady.
Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chisti
Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chisti was constructed in the year of 1580 and 1581, making it a finest architecture of Mughal in India. .It is believed that Mughal Akbar had no sons and so he went to Seikh Salim Chisti, whose blessings gave him three sons. Hence in honour of the saint Salim Chisti, Akbar built his tomb inside the city. It is carved with white marble. The Tomb is situated at the centre of the main hall. Devotees pray for blessings of the saint and look for fulfilment of their wishes. It is believed that thread tied on the marble screens of the main tomb building gives a constant reminder of their wishes to the saint.
Jama Masjid is mosque constructed in 1571 by Akbar with the guidance of Salim Chishti. It is a rectangular mosque consisting of nave with single dome, two colonnaded halls on either side, and two square chambers crowned with domes. Carved mihrab makes the main chamber and the two smaller rooms more attractive.
Diwan-I-Khas was constructed in 1635. Diwan-i-Khas which is also known as Hall of Private Audience is 90 x 67 feet, incorporated with a rectangular central chamber. It is encircled with a series of arches starting from marble pillar. The bottom parts of the pillar are decorated with floral designs and the top surface are painted and gilded. The four corners of the roof are surmounted by pillared chhatri. The use of hall was made by the emperor for reception of important guests in private like kings, ambassadors and nobles and to deal with important affairs of the state. It is also called as Shah Mahal.
Panch Mahal is also known to be "Badgir". Badgir means wind catcher tower. It is a delightful palace which is a great structure incorporated of five storey of decreasing size. It has 176 carved columns. The pavilion in the Panch Mahal gives a majestic view of the Fort. The use of Panch Mahal was made for entertainment like theatrical, musical and dance performances.
Beside the above places there is lot more architecture and built up to explore. Fatehpur Sikri is most vital city to be visited in UP.